The 2015-2020dietary guidelines for americans recommend that pregnant women eat at least 8 ounces and up to 12 ounces of a variety of seafood lower in mercury a week. The average American consumes less than two to three times that amount. But a new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) suggests that the amount of mercury in seafood is much higher than previously thought.
The study, led by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine, analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), which is conducted every two years by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to track the health and nutritional status of U.S. adults.
It found that seafood consumption was associated with a higher risk of developing high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, as well as lower levels of omega-3 fatty acids, a type of polyunsaturated fatty acid found in fish and shellfish.
Can you eat too much fish in pregnancy?
You can give boys up to 4 portions of oily fish a week, but it’s best to give girls 2 portions a week. The levels of pollutants in oily fish can build up in the body and cause harm to an unborn baby. If you are pregnant, talk to your doctor or midwife about the best way to limit your fish intake.
Why is fish limited to 12 oz per week during pregnancy?
Guidelines from the FDA advise pregnant women to limit their weekly seafood consumption to 12 ounces, or about two average meals. The FDA was concerned that eating more fish could affect brain development by exposing pregnant women to high levels of mercury.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that women who ate the most seafood during pregnancy had the lowest risk of having a baby with a birth defect, such as anencephaly, which is a brain abnormality that results from a lack of brain tissue.
What fish is off limits during pregnancy?
Toxic to the nervous system can be found in high quantities of methylmercury. Four types of fish should not be eaten while pregnant or breastfeeding because of their high mercury levels. The Gulf of Mexico has tilefish, swordfish, shark, and king mackerel.
Can I eat salmon twice a week when pregnant?
Salmon is a good choice for pregnant women because of it’s low mercury content. Some countries advise pregnant women to limit their intake of salmon to no more than two portions per week. Salmon is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer.
In addition, it is high in protein, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, vitamin B6, folate, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin E. Salmon is also a rich source protein and fiber, as well as vitamins A, D, E, K and B12.
How much fish is too much?
A variety of fish and shellfish that are lower in mercury can be had for up to 12 ounces a week. Low-mercury fish include shrimp, canned light tuna, salmon, pollock, and catfish. White tuna has more mercury than canned light tuna.
Limit your intake of albacore tuna to once or twice a month. If you are pregnant, talk to your health care provider about the best way to reduce your exposure to mercury during pregnancy.
How much salmon can I eat pregnant?
It is possible to reduce your risk of delivering early by making sure you eat enough seafood. Compared to other types of fish that need to be limited further or avoided altogether because of their high mercury content, salmon is a great choice because it can be eaten two to three times per week. If you’re concerned about your mercury levels, talk to your doctor or health care provider.
How much salmon per week is too much?
According to the u.s. centers for disease control and prevention, fish and seafood can be eaten two to three times a week, or 8 to 12 ounces per week. The CDC recommends that people who are pregnant, nursing or planning to become pregnant should not eat any of these foods.
Can I eat 2 cans of tuna a day?
Compared to most other fish, tuna is very high in mercury. Skipjack and light canned tuna can be eaten a few times each week, but should not be eaten all the time.
Can we eat fish in first trimester?
Fish also helps promote a healthy pregnancy. Your medical practitioner will also encourage eating fish, especially during the first trimester of the pregnancy. EPA and DHA are essential for the development of your baby’s brain and nervous system because they are difficult to find in other foods.
Which fish has least mercury?
Children should only be fed fish from the “best choices” list that are lower in mercury, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. In addition, the FDA recommends that children under the age of 6 months should not be given any fish at all.
This is because of the high levels of mercury that can be found in these foods. The FDA also recommends limiting the amount of fish that a child can eat to no more than two servings per week.